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The Ultimate Winter Crankbait

Posted by 
February 9, 2016
Published in News & Tips > Fishing > Bass
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Tennessee pro Ott DeFoe loves to crank, even when the water’s frigid and he can see his breath. When those conditions prevail, it’s almost a no-brainer that he’ll start flinging his favorite cold-water hard bait—the Rapala Shad Rap. It’s been around for three decades, and while there have been many imitators, no one’s been able to pin down that natural action quite as well as our friends from Finland.

“Confidence and history are important with any bait, and I caught my first 5 pound bass and my first 7 pound bass on a Number 5 Shad Rap,” he said. “That gives me confidence, as well as many other memories with it in cold weather.”

Some of those good memories have been forged more recently, including at Bassmaster Classics on the Red River, Grand Lake and Lake Hartwell, in each of which the Shad Rap helped him out. With the championship returning to Grand shortly, he’s sure to have a box of them at the ready.

Ott Rapala Shad Rap

Add a Little Wiggle

What makes this bait so incredibly effective is its natural swimming action, which is a combination of the angle of the bill, the shape of the bill, and its balsa body.

“The best wobble for a cold water crankbait is very tight,” he explained. “Not a lot of side to side. This just swims along subtly. It’s definitely not a hard-thumping action. It’s not really very buoyant, either. It floats, but slowly, which is great when they’re eating it on the pause.”

Size Things Up

Rapala makes this lure in six bass-centric sizes, from the diminutive Size 4 (1/8 ounce) all the way up to the gizzard-shad-replicating Size 9 (9/16 ounce), but it’s the #5 and #7 that get the call the most, with the newer #6 getting an increasingly large slice of the pie. Each dives to a slightly different depth, but the signature subtle wiggle extends across the entire lineup.

Like most crankbaits, the Shad Rap excels when there’s a bit of color in the water, although DeFoe said he’s used it successfully with up to 6 feet of visibility. “The best case scenario is two or maybe three feet of visibility,” he said. “Sunny, with some wind and a little ripple. But if there’s wind and clouds you can extend that out to three or four feet.”

Color Inside the Lines

He carries a box of them wherever he goes, in a wide range of colors. But for the newcomer, he suggests starting “with original Shad and original Crawdad and building from there. You can’t go wrong with those two.”

In dirtier water he employs patterns in the firetiger family, and in super-clear water his newest favorite is the Custom HD Live River Shad, which looks incredibly lifelike and real.

Take Them for a Spin

Since even the #7 Shad Rap weighs only 5/16 of an ounce, and its balsa body catches wind like a sail, DeFoe throws it exclusively on spinning tackle. While baitcasting gear might work for the largest of them, “it becomes less effective, and fishing is all about making as many effective presentations as possible.”He likes a 6’9” medium action Fenwick Elite Tech spinning rod paired with a Pflueger Supreme XT in Size 30. “It’s a little bit smaller reel and takes up less line, so it’s easier to fish the lure slow with that one,” he explained.

He uses straight fluorocarbon, usually Trilene XL, which is softer and a little bit more manageable on spinning tackle than Trilene’s 100% Fluorocarbon, most often in 8 lb. test, although when fish are extra finicky he’s gone down to 6.

Hook it Up

Finally, he encourages anglers to change the hooks on their Shad Raps. The VMC models that come from the factory are sticky-sharp, but they’re short shank versions, and by changing them out to regular length shanks, he finds that he lands more fish.

“You get a lot of fish nipping at the bait that time of year, and this will help you catch more of them,” he concluded.

Tagged under Read 6777 times Last modified on August 30, 2017
Pete Robbins

Veteran outdoor writer Pete Robbins writes primarily about bass fishing for a wide variety of magazines and websites. He has provided on-the-water tournament coverage for every Bassmaster Classic since 2010, and has been known to bring bad weather with him to venues that have not previously experienced any. He's blogged for Gary Yamamoto's Inside Line since 2008, where he explores issues related to fishing, food and popular culture, with a particular interest in the intersection of those three seemingly unrelated topics. He has not yet been featured on "Hoarders," although his tackle collection is beyond extensive, with a particular focus on rare Japanese hard baits.


Pete calls the Potomac River his home water, but has made multiple trips to the Amazon in search of peacock bass, and tries to make at least one trip per year to Mexico to chase big largemouths and drink margaritas.


He lives in Vienna, Virginia with his wife Hanna and their precocious Australian Shepherd Rooster, who has been known to herd small animals and children.

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